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  • Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa 1869 1910 History

    Racial discrimination in South Africa is based on the migrant labour system areas of residence the so called homelands and their movement is controlled by the notorious system of pass laws East India Company their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago

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    The English businessman and financier Cecil Rhodes founded the modern diamond industry and controlled the British South Africa Company which acquired

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    Mining in South Africa has been the main driving force behind the history and development of Diamond and gold production may now be well down from their peaks though South Africa is still number 5 in seven large diamond mines around the country are controlled by the De Beers Consolidated Mines Company

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    The companies were forced by strikes to be more lenient to their white workers than to blacks By the time that the South African mines were in full production in the late 1890s 100 000 A serious challenge faced De Beers early in the 20th century De Beers controlled 80 of global diamond sales and still does

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    Since the late 19th century South Africa s economy has been based on the the leading producer of gold gem diamonds ferrochromium platinum 88 of world reserve diamond production and controlled 80 of the world s uncut diamond trade and titanium heavy minerals assets into a separate mining company

  • Scramble for Africa Environment The Guardian

    May 1 2007 With oil gas timber diamonds gold coltan and bauxite Africa is home to some The 19th century scramble for Africa saw the great powers rush to control lure with competition between foreign states and companies to secure copper and cobalt to South Africa for iron ore and platinum and to Gabon

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    Apr 14 2014 Back in the mid 1970s when this writer first came to South Africa to work one of the to visit some of the country s famous – or infamous – diamond and gold mines for such jobs by both law and mine custom housed in company compounds Photo Miners of De Beers mine in Kimberley 19th century

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    Who owned gold and diamond mining in south Africa Who owned gold and diamond companies in south Africa in 19th century The Venetia Diamond Mine is South

  • Southern Africa Southern Africa 1899 1945 Britannica

    The reasons for the South African or Anglo Boer War 1899–1902 remain that the struggle was for supremacy over the richest gold mines in the world and the were more rigidly enforced in the 20th century than they had been in the 19th group of mining companies that controlled the economy while the opposition

  • South Africa in the 19th Century West Chester University s

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    Although nineteenth century explorer Karl Peters and others identified Ophir In the Dutch controlled western Cape the settlers used a workforce of slaves of the Cape from the Dutch East India Company in the early nineteenth century In South Africa the special conditions of diamond and gold mining permitted an

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    Mar 3 2013 Ever since mining began here at the end of the nineteenth century poor shaft Unlike at the garbage company he noticed that on the mines blacks and South Africa s troubles began in the diamond fields long before anyone of South African miners lives Labor on the South African Gold Mines

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    Nov 8 2002 De Beers now a privately held company with offices in Kimberley Not far down the road from the Kimberley Diamond Exchange are the offices of South Africa s gold Additionally the export of illicit diamonds from South Africa is an These rules were established in the late 19th century following the

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  • South Africa Gold and Diamonds Country Studies

    Soon after the European rush for gold and diamonds in the late nineteenth century By the mid twentieth century South Africa was the world s largest producer or Company controlled most diamond mining in South Africa and influenced

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    The discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa changed the course of the country s A company De Beers Consolidated Mines was established under the to see to legal matters and a Health Committee controlled the town until 1897 19th century diamond diggers bar at the Kimberley museum Discovery of

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    Johannesburg Stock Exchange in the late 19th century and today it still By 1886 gold and diamond rushes were quickly turning mining in South Africa into the

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